Robin Scroggs and Kent I. Groff’s article, “Baptism in Mark: Dying and Rising with Christ” (1973), asserts that when a person is baptized, he is stripped of his garments and baptized into death. But, only Jesus actually dies. The substitution of Jesus for the initiate is symbolized by the loss of the linen. Scroggs and Groff back this claim with numerous references to the Old Testament. Scroggs and Groff’s purpose is to describe the nature of baptism and explain the symbolism of dying and rising with Christ.
Paul Mallia’s article, “Baptized into Death and Life” (1965), claims that in baptism, we experience new life in Christ through the power of the Holy Spirit. He continues by arguing that it is then our mission to follow God in order to be saved. Mallia’s purpose in writing this article is to explain the concept of dying and then arising to new life through immersion in the waters of baptism.
Philip Hyatt’s article, “The Origin and Meaning of Christian Baptism” (1960), argues that immersion into the water at baptism creates a mystical union with Christ, in which we share in his death and resurrection. He states that baptism must be a voluntary action, wherein the initiate is an active participant. Hyatt’s purpose is to explain the origin and the meaning of baptism in the Christian faith.